sedikit info mengenai Pad n Tampons,
Tampons and Toxins
One of the main concerns with using tampons is the risk of experiencing toxic shock syndrome (TSS). Because of this risk, tampons should never be left in for more than eight hours. You should also use the lowest absorbency necessary for your period as higher absorbency tampons have been found to increase the risk of TSS.
Since tampons are worn internally, many women are concerned about the chemicals used during the manufacturing process of tampons. In order to make sure the tampon fibers are clean, they do need to be bleached in order to ensure that they have been totally purified. Most tampon manufacturers use a chlorine-free bleaching process, commonly consisting of hydrogen peroxide or dilute sodium hypochlorite, to clean their tampon fibers. These bleaching processes are thought to be much safer than using bleach that contains chlorine.
The levels of dioxin in tampons are another source of worry for some women. Dioxins are a type of environmental pollutant and can cause problems when people come into contact with high levels of dioxins. However, in North America, tampons are regularly tested for dioxin levels and all are either at or below the detectable level. This means that the level of dioxins found in tampons is actually less than what is normally found in your body and therefore poses such a small hazard to your health that the risk is considered to be negligible.
For many years, a rumor has been swirling about that tampon manufacturers have been adding asbestos, a very dangerous and toxic chemical, to their tampons in order to cause women to bleed more and therefore buy more tampons. Absolutely no truth has been found in this rumor, though. In the United States, the Food and Drug Administration regulates the making of tampons. This means that tampon manufacturers must follow the regulations imposed by the FDA on the materials and substances they use to make their tampons. It also means that the FDA regularly inspects the manufacturing practices of tampons. And so far, no asbestos has turned up. In Canada, Health Canada regulates the manufacturing of tampons and they too have not found any asbestos.
Pads go by many names: maxi pads, sanitary napkins, napkins, menstrual pads, rags. No matter what name you prefer, those pads that you normally find in your local pharmacy are all the same. They are made with an adhesive plastic back that sticks onto the crotch of your underwear. The over side of the pad (the side that sits against your body) is made up of absorbent wood cellulose fibers, similar to paper, and usually an additional top layer of perforated plastic that helps to keep you dry.
In the past, women didn't have too much choice when it came to using a pad. There was one thickness, one type of absorbency and one length. Nowadays, women have the choice between thick, thin and ultra-thin pads; pads with or without wings (flaps that wrap around the sides of your underwear); regular length, long or extra long/overnight length; curved to fit your body better; and, finally, tapered at the end for thongs.
Similar to pads are panty liners. These are designed for those days when your menstrual flow is very light or when you experience spotting during your cycle. This pads are generally extremely thin and do not offer as much coverage as a regular menstrual pad. Again, though, there is a fair amount of variety in terms of style: with or without wings; regular length or long; tapered for thongs; scented or unscented; there are even some panty liners that come in different colors.
Pads usually need to be changed every four to six hours, although, if your flow is very heavy, you may need to change the pad more often. Since the pad is worn externally, there is no risk of TSS. However, you may notice a slight odor if you have not changed your pad for a while. This is due to your menstual blood being exposed to the air.
Reasons for Alternative Menstrual Products
While pads and tampons are convenient, they do have their drawbacks. Using tampons does increase your risk of TSS. Although pads do not have the same chemical concerns associated with them as tampons, many women are put off pads because of the amount of waste they produce. Since pads are not biodegradable, the only place for them to go is the landfill. Moreover, the long-term cost of using pads or tampons has lead an increasing number of women to seek out menstrual products that are more environmentally responsible and cost-effective. Some of these natural menstruation products include a menstrual cup and reusable menstrual pads.
info mengenai TSS:
Toxic Shock Syndrome
What is TSS?
Toxic shock syndrome is a kind of blood poisoning that results in a person becoming extremely ill in a very short amount of time. TSS is caused by the Staphylococcus aureus bacterium. Although the bacteria are naturally found within the human body, under certain conditions, the bacteria can multiply leading to toxic shock syndrome.
TSS can occur as a result of using tampons or intravaginal contraceptive devices (i.e. the sponge) or as a result of an infection from surgery, an insect bite or burns. TSS can affect women and men, adults and children alike although it is thought that those under the age of 30 are more likely to suffer from TSS because their immune systems have yet to develop the appropriate antibodies.
Nowadays, occurrences of TSS are fairly rare. In 1996, the U.S. reported less than 100 cases of TSS. From these cases, less than half occurred as the result of tampon usage. This is a dramatic decrease from twenty years early, when 90% of all TSS cases were linked to tampons. In the United Kingdom, only about 40 cases of toxic shock syndrome are reported annually. Similar to the U.S., half of these cases are linked to women using tampons. Two to three people die every year in the U.K. as a result of toxic shock syndrome.
TSS and Tampons
When the United States first began paying attention to toxic shock syndrome in 1978, the vast majority of incidents were the result of women using tampons. Because of this, tampon manufacturers went about altering the makeup of their tampons. Since research has shown that using tampons with a higher absorbency can increase the risk of TSS, tampon manufacturers have also changed the absorbency levels in their tampons.
However, the connection between tampons and toxic shock syndrome has yet to be fully understood. It is assumed, though, that the Staphylococcus bacteria thrives and proliferates in warm, moist areas thereby making a high absorbency tampon the ideal breeding ground for the bacteria. The bacteria may enter your blood stream if the tampon causes a laceration in your vaginal lining. In the case of super absorbency tampons, the tampon may expand to such an extent that it sticks to the vaginal wall. Upon removal, the tampon pulls at your skin causing some of the lining to come off and the bacteria to get in.
Toxic Shock Symdrome Symptoms
Signs of TSS can appear suddenly, usually within 2 days of infection. In women, symptoms often show up around the time of menstruation. Common symptoms of toxic shock syndrome include:
* High fever
* Nausea or vomiting
* Muscle aches
* Lightheadedness or dizziness
* Rash that resembles a sunburn
* Sudden drop in blood pressure
* Blood shot eyes
* Peeling of skin on palms of hands and soles of feet
* Organ failure
If you experience the sudden onset of any of these symptoms, especially while you are menstruating and/or wearing a tampon, you should seek immediate medical attention. If you are wearing a tampon or a vaginal barrier contraceptive, remove it.
Diagnosis and Treatment
Toxic shock syndrome is usually diagnosed through blood tests that evaluate how well your liver and kidneys are working. In some cases, your doctor may choose to do some additional blood tests in order to rule out the possibility of other illnesses. Once TSS has been confirmed, you will likely receive antibiotics to treat it. If the TSS has been caused by an infection of a sore or surgery, your doctor may drain the area.
It is important to seek help quickly if you suspect TSS. Left untreated, toxic shock syndrome can quickly get worse, leading to organ failure and possibly death.
To help avoid and lower your risk of TSS, don't use tampons or alternate between tampons and pads during your period. If you are a sworn tampon user, then use the lowest absorbency tampon necessary for your period and change the tampon every 8 hours or less.
The Staphylococcus bacteria can live on your hands and is therefore consider to be contagious. Make sure you wash your hands properly, especially before and after inserting a tampon, to prevent the spread of the bacteria.